Kingdom of Morocco:
Morocco, officially the Kingdom of Morocco, is a unitary sovereign state located in the Maghreb region of North Africa. It is one of the native homelands of the Amazigh people. The country shares land borders with Algeria to the east and Mauritania to the south. With an area of 710,850 km2 (274,460 sq mi), Morocco is the fifty-second largest country in the world. The capital is Rabat, and the largest city Casablanca.
Morocco’s predominant religion is Islam, and the official languages are Arabic and Berber, with French also widely spoken.
Morocco has since remained relatively stable and prosperous by regional standards, and is a major tourist destination. A significant portion of its economy is derived from tourism and trade with the European Union. The country has increasingly attracted foreign investment, especially from the Gulf Cooperation Council countries.
In 2013, Morocco ranked fourth in Africa in terms of human development index (HDI) and 54th in the world. It is a member of the United Nations, the Arab League, the Organization of Islamic Cooperation and the African Union. The Kingdom has diplomatic relations with almost all countries in the world, and maintains friendships with many countries across different continents.
Area: 710,850 km2
GDP (PPP): $130.000 billion
GDP per capita: $3,500
HDI: 0.625 (54th in the world)
Life expectancy: 75.1 years
Infant mortality: 19.62 per 1,000 live births
literacy rate: 75%
Religions: Islam (official) 99%, Christian 1%
Ethnic groups: Arab-Berber 98.7%, other 1.3%
Languages: Arabic (official), Berber, French, Spanish, English
Currency: Moroccan dirham (MAD)
Time zone: UTC+1 (Summer: UTC+2)
Calling code: +212
Internet TLD: .ma
Major cities include:
Casablanca, Rabat, Fes, Marrakech, Meknes, Agadir, Tangier
Climate: Morocco has a temperate climate. The coastal areas have a Mediterranean climate with mild winters and warm summers. The interior has a more continental climate with hotter summers and colder winters. There is also mountains in the south which have a more Alpine climate.
Geography: Morocco is located in the Maghreb region of North Africa. It is bordered by Algeria to the east, Mauritania to the south, and the Western Sahara to the south and east. To the north, Morocco overlooks the Strait of Gibraltar and has a Mediterranean coastline on its northern coast. The Atlas Mountains run down the middle of Morocco from the northeast to the southwest.
History: The first Moroccan state was founded in 789 AD by Idris I. Since then, Morocco has been ruled by a succession of dynasties, each of which has left its mark on the country’s culture and architecture. In 1912, Morocco became a protectorate of France, and regained its independence in 1956. Since then, Morocco has been a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament.
Government: Morocco is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament. The King of Morocco is the head of state and the commander-in-chief of the armed forces. The government is headed by the Prime Minister, who is appointed by the King.
Economy: The economy of Morocco is based on agriculture, tourism, and industry. Agriculture accounts for around 15% of GDP and employs 40% of the workforce. Key crops include wheat, barley, sugar beet, olives, citrus fruits, vegetables, and livestock. Tourism is a major contributor to the economy, with around 10 million tourists visiting Morocco each year. Industry accounts for around 30% of GDP and includes phosphates, textiles, clothing, leather goods, and construction.
Morocco is the world’s third-largest producer of phosphates (after the United States and China), and the price fluctuations of phosphates on the international market influence Morocco’s economy to a certain extent.
Infrastructure: Morocco has a well-developed infrastructure. The country has an extensive road network and a good public transport system. There are also several airports and ports.
Education: Education is compulsory for children between the ages of 6 and 15. The literacy rate in Morocco is around 75%. Higher education is provided by a number of universities and colleges.
Health: The health care system in Morocco is generally good. There are a number of hospitals and clinics across the country, and access to basic health care is relatively good. However, there is a lack of specialist facilities and trained personnel.
Culture: The culture of Morocco is a mix of Arab, Berber, African, and European influences. Moroccan cuisine is also very diverse, with a wide range of dishes available. The country is also home to a number of World Heritage Sites, including the medina of Fez and the city of Marrakesh.
Sport: Football is the most popular sport in Morocco. The national team has qualified for the FIFA World Cup on six occasions, and won the African Cup of Nations in 1976. Other popular sports include basketball, tennis, and handball.